Home Page
Biography
Picture gallery
Expositions
Essay
Bibliography
Contacts

Chronology

For further information about the life click on the dates.
1904

Born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the second son of German parents.

1909

The mother moves with her two boys to Hamburg.

1918

Begins to draw. Sees the first big exhibition of Edvard Munch in Hamburg. Inspired by German Expressionism, he joins the painter Schmidt-Rottluff of "Die Bruecke."

1921

Rejects Expressionism. Begins his life-long observation of nature.

1922 - 1923

Studies painting in Munich, then spends half a year with his father in Haiti.

1924

Hamburg. Studies with H.E.Schnegg, a late German impressionist painter.

1925

Painting trip to Italy with Schnegg and his students. In Florence he decides to leave the group and remain in the city.    

1927

Returns to Hamburg. Renewed attempt to paint in the North.

1928

Paris. Studies Cézanne and the French Impressionists. Meets the sculptor Ludwig Kasper,
who becomes a decisive influence on his art.

1929

Settles down in Florence.

1930-42

Becomes involved in the dazzling international life of the city. Belongs to
the cultural circle of Maja Winteler-Einstein and Bernard Berenson.

1935-38

Paints at the Accademia delle Belle Arti in Florence as a student of Felice Carena.

1938

Marries the architect Renate Moenckeberg from Hamburg.

1938-42

The first students come to his studio. Successful exhibitions in Florence, Milan and Rome until his conscription into the German army.

1945-73

Paints and teaches in Florence. In the summer he paints either in Venice or Rome, later in the Tuscan Apennines. Develops a personal pastel-technique. Almost yearly one-man shows in Florence, Venice, Rome or Milan. Also in Hamburg (1956, 1972) and Cologne (1957). European and American collectors visit his studio. Over the years, the Pitti Palace acquires five paintings, the Uffizi one drawing and a self portrait.

1963

The Accademia delle Belle Arti in Florence honours him with a retrospective. 

1972  

Last major exhibition in Hamburg.

1973

Dies in Florence on July 23 and is buried in the Cimitero degli Allori.

 
* * *
1996

The Palazzo Pitti in Florence organizes a major exhibition of his work (with catalogue) as a document of the Novecento Italiano, the Italian Modern Classic.